Artificial turf (also known as synthetic grass, fake grass, synthetic turf or artificial grass) first gained substantial attention in the 1960s, when it was used in the newly constructed Astrodome. The specific product used was called AstroTurf and this term since then has often been used colloquially to refer to any artificial turf.
1966 The first artificial playing surface
The first artificial playing surface in sport is installed and used in the Houston, Texas. The artificial grass surface becomes known to public.
1980 Artificial football turf begun to work for football course.
Artificial turf is used for the first time in professional football in the 1980s. Clubs in England, like Queens Park Rangers, replace their natural grass surfaces with artificial grass of the second generation.
1994 Inconsistent quality and safety issues
Due to the poor quality and safety issues, all artificial pitches used in the English Premier League before 1994 are replaced by natural grass.
2001 The FIFA Quality Programme for Artificial Football Turf
FIFA and UEFA start a quality assurance programme for artificial turf. The aim is to develop an industry standard for artificial surfaces used for football.
2003 The first FIFA tournament on football turf
The FIFA U-17 World Cup in Finland is the first FIFA tournament in which one of the four host stadiums is equipped with football turf. Ten matches, including the final, are played on a first-generation football turf pitch.
2004 Laws of the Game
The IFAB (International Football Association Board) agrees to address football turf in the Laws of the Game. Only surfaces which are FIFA 1 Star RECOMMENDED, FIFA 2 Star RECOMMENDED or IATS tested may be used for international matches.
2007 FIFA U-17 World Cup in Peru
The FIFA U-17 World Cup in Peru is the very first international football tournament to be played entirely on football turf. The decision is taken based on the local requirements of a dry climate with occasional heavy rainfall. The pitch also provides a useful legacy for the country.
2009 FIFA Preferred Producer
FIFA implements the FIFA Preferred Producer initiative in order to further increase the quality of football turf and protect the end-user. Preferred Producers meet the FIFA quality criteria in all areas of football turf pitch construction.
2015 FIFA Womens World Cup Canada 2015(TM)
The Womens World Cup Canada 2015TM was the first senior World Cup to be entirely played on football turf. A total of 52 games were played in the tournament on 3rd Generation pitches, with the USA going on to claim their third World Cup title.
2015 Release of new FIFA Quality Marks
In 2015 the FIFA Quality Programme released a new Test Manual containing more stringent requirements for football turf installations. With the release of the new manual a set of new Quality marks were introduced – FIFA QUALITY and FIFA QUALITY PRO which will replace the FIFA RECOMMENDED 1 Star and FIFA RECOMMENDED 2 Star marks.
So, not all artificial turf can be used as football turf, only artificial playing surfaces which have been tested in the laboratory and on the field according to the stringent testing criteria of the FIFA Quality Programme can be called football turf.
For a joyful playing experience, it is very necessary to select a FIFA 1/2 star standard turf for your playground.
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